Freight transport performance improved in Hungary in the second quarter (H2) of 2021, data from Hungarian Central Statistics Bureau revealed on Thursday (Sept. 15). Goods transport performance (13.5 billion freight tonne-kilometres) increased by 8.8% in H2 2021, compared to the same period a year ago, however it was 11% lower than in the second quarter of 2019.
In national transport, the performance of all modes except for rail transport increased, with road freight transport accounting for the largest share (82%) growing by 11%. In international transport, only road freight transport performance increased, by 27%, compared to the extremely low base a year earlier.
The volume of goods transported (76 million tonnes) was 7.4% more than in the same period last year. Of the modalities, only the volume of goods transported by road increased (by 15%), however, the volume of goods transported by pipeline fell (by 15%) even compared to the low base in the second quarter of 2020.
The performance of international road freight transport increased by 27% (to 5.4 billion freight tonne-kilometres) and the volume of freight transported (8.9 million tonnes) by 25% compared to the same period of the previous year. At the same time, the performance (–11%) and the volume of goods transported (–6.2%) also lagged behind the two years earlier.
The total performance of rail freight transport decreased by 6.0%, due to the fact that in the second quarter of 2020 part of the truck traffic stopped due to the border closures because of the Covid-19 and was diverted to rail, however, this diversion was partially eliminated by the second quarter of 2021. Cargo traffic (32.8 thousand tonnes) of the second quarter at Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport increased by 62% year-on-year, as a result of the opening of BUD Cargo City at the beginning of January 2021. Compared to the second quarter of 2019, the expansion was also significant (36%).
Meanwhile, the Hungarian government is allocating 30 billion forints (EUR 85.6m) to supporting railway cargo transport, the country's innovation and technology ministry announced on Monday (Sept. 13).
Government grants, available through the railway company MÁV, will come to a total of 3.7 billion forints in 2021 and 6.4 billion annually until 2025 afterwards
Around one-fifth of goods transported via railway in Hungary are shipped in single wagon shipments (where smaller amounts of cargo from multiple facilities are organised into shipments based on their destination) the ministry added.
Approximately EUR 880 million was spent on improving rail network infrastructure in Hungary in 2019. This was a 9.5% increase compared to 2018 investments.