The Iceland Stock Exchange also known as ICEX (currently Nasdaq Iceland) was founded in 1985 as a joint venture of several banks and brokerage firms on the initiative of the Sedlabanki Islands (Central Bank of Iceland).
European Stock Exchanges
The Helsinki Stock Exchange (currently Nasdaq Helsinki) was founded in 1912 when the governor of Uusimaa province ratified its rules. The Exchange saw its first transaction on October 7.
The Stockholm Stock Exchange, now operating under the name Nasdaq Stockholm was founded in 1863 and has become the primary securities exchange of the Nordic countries.
Founded in 1771, the Vienna Stock Exchange (Wiener Börse) is one of the world's oldest exchanges. It was established during the reign of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in order to provide a market for state issued bonds.
The stock exchange in Spain begins on 10 September 1831 with the publication of the Law Founding the Madrid Stock Exchange drafted by Pedro Sáinz de Andino. On 20 October 1831, the first trading session was held.
Τhe Milan Stock Exchange (Borsa di commercio di Milano) was established by Eugène de Beauharnais, through vice-royal decrees dated 16 January and 6 February 1808 in Milan, which at that time was the capital of the Kingdom of Italy under the government of Napoleon I.
Zurich-based SIX Swiss Exchange is Switzerland's principal stock exchange, owned and managed by SIX Group, which provides a number of other financial infrastructure services in the country.
The history of the Luxembourg Stock Exchange (LuxSE) dates back to 1928, when the company was incorporated as Société Anonyme de la Bourse de Luxembourg, with an initial issue of 7,000 shares, each valued at 1000 francs.
The Gibraltar Stock Exchange (GSX) was established in 2014 and is the first ever regulated stock exchange in Gibraltar.
Moscow Exchange is the largest exchange group in Russia, operating the country's main trading platform for equities, bonds, derivative instruments, currencies, money market instruments and commodities.