Although the origins of stock exchanges can be traced back to the stock exchange in Antwerp (1460), the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (currently Euronext Amsterdam) is considered the oldest in the world.
European Stock Exchanges
London Stock Exchange (LSE) is one of the oldest stock exchanges in the world and can trace its history back to 1571 when the Royal Exchange was established as the City’s centre of commerce.
The roots of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, known in German as FWB Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse, trace back to the 11th century when many medieval trade fairs were held in the city.
The Irish Stock Exchange (currently Euronext Dublin) was established in 1793 at the Old Exchange Coffee House now the site of the Royal Exchange, Dame Street, Dublin.
The Lisbon Stock Exchange (currently Euronext Lisbon) was set up in 1769 as the Assembleia dos Homens de Negócio (Assembly of Businessmen) on Praça do Comercio Square in the heart of downtown Lisbon.
Oslo Stock Exchange (Oslo Bors) was founded (as Christiania Børs) in 1819 and offers the only regulated markets for securities trading in Norway today.
The Copenhagen Stock Exchange, also known as CSE (currently Nasdaq Copenhagen) is Denmark's official market for securities, including shares, bonds, treasury bills and notes, and financial futures and options.
The Iceland Stock Exchange also known as ICEX (currently Nasdaq Iceland) was founded in 1985 as a joint venture of several banks and brokerage firms on the initiative of the Sedlabanki Islands (Central Bank of Iceland).
The Helsinki Stock Exchange (currently Nasdaq Helsinki) was founded in 1912 when the governor of Uusimaa province ratified its rules. The Exchange saw its first transaction on October 7.
The Stockholm Stock Exchange, now operating under the name Nasdaq Stockholm was founded in 1863 and has become the primary securities exchange of the Nordic countries.