The Stockholm Stock Exchange, now operating under the name Nasdaq Stockholm was founded in 1863 and has become the primary securities exchange of the Nordic countries.
European Stock Exchanges
Founded in 1771, the Vienna Stock Exchange (Wiener Börse) is one of the world's oldest exchanges. It was established during the reign of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in order to provide a market for state issued bonds.
The stock exchange in Spain begins on 10 September 1831 with the publication of the Law Founding the Madrid Stock Exchange drafted by Pedro Sáinz de Andino. On 20 October 1831, the first trading session was held.
Τhe Milan Stock Exchange (Borsa di commercio di Milano) was established by Eugène de Beauharnais, through vice-royal decrees dated 16 January and 6 February 1808 in Milan, which at that time was the capital of the Kingdom of Italy under the government of Napoleon I.
Zurich-based SIX Swiss Exchange is Switzerland's principal stock exchange, owned and managed by SIX Group, which provides a number of other financial infrastructure services in the country.
The history of the Luxembourg Stock Exchange (LuxSE) dates back to 1928, when the company was incorporated as Société Anonyme de la Bourse de Luxembourg, with an initial issue of 7,000 shares, each valued at 1000 francs.
The Gibraltar Stock Exchange (GSX) was established in 2014 and is the first ever regulated stock exchange in Gibraltar.
Moscow Exchange is the largest exchange group in Russia, operating the country's main trading platform for equities, bonds, derivative instruments, currencies, money market instruments and commodities.
The Belarusian Currency and Stock Exchange (BCSE) was formed in 1998 in accordance with the Decree of the President of Belarus of July 20, 1998 №366 “On perfection of system of state regulation of the stock market”.
The Ukrainian Exchange (UX), established in October 2008 in Kiev, is one of the largest stock exchanges in Ukraine. The official trading on the UX started on 26 March 2009 with over 80 of the most liquid Ukrainian stocks.